Pineapple (Ananas comosus) is one of the most loved fruits all over the world. The fruit was originated in Brazil and has spread to all other tropical parts of the world. Pineapple is believed to be a good source of vitamin A and B, also it is fairly rich in vitamin C, calcium, magnesium, potassium and iron. It is also a source of Bromelin, a digestive enzyme.
Climate and soil
Basically, the cultivation on pineapple is confined to the high rainfall areas and humid coastal regions. The optimum temperature for successful cultivation is 22°C to 32°C. Leaves and roots grow best in 32°C and 29°C respectively. Their growth ceases below 20°C and above 36°C. Pineapple can be grown up to 1,100 m above mean sea-level, if the area is frost-free. Although optimum annual rainfall for its commercial cultivation is 100-150 cm, it grows remarkably well under a wide range of rainfall. In areas where the rainfall is less, supplementary protective irrigation are necessary during dry season.
Pineapple can be grown in any soil type except on very heavy clay soil.Sandy loam soil is considered ideal. A pH of 5.0-6.0 is preferred.
It is very easy to grow pineapple even at home. You just need to cut and trim the leafy part of the pineapple till you see the root buds in the crown. Plant it in the soil and you can grow your own pineapple at home.
Once the plants are established , suckers starts to grow with the emergence of inflorescence and by the development of fruit, slips starts to grow. You need to remove the slips as it may result in delaying of fruit maturity.
Ease of Handling
The plant of pineapple doesn’t require too much of attention just the regular watering is necessary.
One other benefit of the plant is that it can be grown in pots also, so one doesn’t need to worry about the land!
Pineapple has been used for centuries to treat digestion problems and inflammation.
It also helps in decreasing the chances of obesity, heart disease, diabetes, promotes healthy hair and skin. Being rich in vitamins, provides energy. Also, for those who are trying to loose weight, pineapple is your best friend!
Blood pressure- Pineapple helps in regulating blood pressure.
Cancer- Being enriched with high antioxidants, it also reduces the chances of cancer.
Asthma- Pineapple is also found helpful for people suffering from asthma.
Diabetes control- We understand the pain of people suffering from diabetes for not being able to eat most of the fruits as they may increase the chances of increased blood sugar level. Well, pineapple can give you some relief as, studies have shown that pineapple can be beneficial for reducing the sugar level in type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients. But we recommend you to consult your dietitian before adding it to your diet as results may vary from person to person.
Healthy stomach- Also, it prevents constipation as being rich in fiber.
Improves fertility- Being rich in antioxidant, vitamin C, beta-carotene, copper, zinc and folate/folic acid, helps improve fertility in both male and female.
Kidney and heart health- It also reduces the risk of stroke and kidney stones.
Good skin- Being rich in vitamin C helps in maintaining good skin.