Types of Snake Plant (Sansevieria):
There are around 70 different species of snake plant, all native to tropical and sub-tropical regions of Europe, Africa, and Asia. They are all evergreen and can grow anywhere from 8 inches to 12 feet high.
The most commonly used species for gardening is Sansevieria trifasciata, often known as mother-in-law’s tongue. However, if you’d like something a little different, the following species and cultivars are worth looking out for:
- Sansevieria ‘Golden Hahnii’ – This species has short leaves with yellow borders.
- Cylindrical snake plant, Sansevieria cylindrical – This snake plant has round, dark green, striped leaves and can grow to 2 to 3 feet.
- Sansevieria trifasciata ‘Twist’ – As the name suggests, this cultivar has twisted leaves. It is also striped horizontally, has yellow variegated edges and grows to about a 14 inches tall.
- Rhino Grass, Sansevieria desertii – This one grows to around 12 inches with succulent red tinted leaves.
- White Snake Plant, Sansevieria trifasciata ‘Bantel’s Sensation’ – This cultivar grows to around 3 foot tall and has narrow leaves with white vertical stripes.
Growing Tips Of Snake plant :
Potting & Repotting
Plants can be divided at any time during the year, and each division will soon grow into a nice plant. Dump the plant out of the pot, break it up as much as you want and plant each. The plants grow actively during the summer, so spring is the best time to divide the plant to obtain quick results. They do fine in a good potting soil as they are not very demanding. Remember, Sansevierias are succulents; they are “heavy plants” holding lots of water in their leaves, so it is often recommended to create a a “heavy soil” by amending with some sand. How Often Should You Water? Be cautious when watering, especially during the winter, better to err on the dry side. Watering is usually a matter of personal judgment, and I water mine whenever they seem to need it, which is about every 2 -3 weeks. Few plants should be kept constantly wet, but even fewer should ever be allowed to suffer from lack of moisture. Propagation – Dividing & Leaf Cuttings Sansevierias are easily increased by division; since most varieties sucker freely, this is usually the preferred method of propagation. They may also be increased by cutting the leaves into three-inch lengths, and inserting the lower third of these in damp sand. With this method, however, the yellow banding or marginal stripes may be lost, with the new plants reverting to type. Sansevieria Cylindrica – The Popular Oddball One odd sort you may discover when searching for a “different” or rare sansevieria species is Sansevieria cylindrica, which has dark green leaves marked with faint light green bands. The difference is that the leaves are cylindrical instead of being flat or concave. The plant has somewhat the fan shape which is also found inSansevieria Ehrenbergi, a much more colorful plant with red and white pencil stripes on the upper margins of its bluish leaves.Another unusual type I have become mildly fond of is Sansevieria arborescens, a sort of tree-like plant wholly unlike the customary stemless varieties. This, by the way, has white edges on dull green leaves.
Uses of Sansevieria :
The durability of Sansevieria makes it an excellent choice for apartment dwellers who often have limited success with houseplants due to lighting issues. They should take a good look the snake plant. Admittedly they are not most very graceful plant, but the compact birds nest species Sansevieria Hahni are more interesting in their smaller size and also tolerant of dry hot rooms and poor light. The appearance of these plants is greatly enhanced by an attractive pottery container, and clean leaves free from dust and grease. Other care consists of keeping the plants moist but not wet, and feeding occasionally.
Sansevieria trifasciata is a bold stiff plant with dark green leaves. The variety Laurenti has leaves banded with light yellow-green, and is a bit showier.
Sansevieria Hahni has short leaves arranged in a rosette. It is a good low plant to use on a coffee table where little light may be available.